Research Paper On Student Politics In Bangladesh Bengali
The University of Dhaka (Bengali: ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়[ɖʰaka biʃʃobid̪d̪alɔe̯], also known as Dhaka University or simply DU), is the oldest university in modern Bangladesh. The university is ranked number one on the Bangladesh University Ranking 2017. Established in 1921 during the British Raj, it has made significant contributions to the modern history of Bangladesh. After the Partition of India, it became the focal point of progressive and democratic movements in Pakistan. Its students and teachers played a central role in the rise of Bengali nationalism and the independence of Bangladesh.
The university's distinguished alumni include Fazlur Rahman Khan (pioneer of modern structural engineering), Muhammad Yunus (winner of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, pioneer of Microcredit), Muhammad Shahidullah (famous educator, philologist, and linguist), NatyaguruNurul Momen (the pioneer trailblazer of progressive culture, theatre, literature, performing arts, philosophy and arts; who was both an early student & a teacher as well, of Dhaka University), Serajul Islam Choudhury (the country's leading public intellectual and writer), Rehman Sobhan (social democratic economist), Mohammad Ataul Karim (physicist), Abul Fateh (one of the founding fathers of South Asian diplomacy), Buddhadeb Bose (20th-century Bengali poet), and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (the founding father of Bangladesh). It also enjoyed associations with Satyendra Nath Bose, Vijayaraghavan, and Kazi Nazrul Islam.
Today, it is the largest public university in Bangladesh, with a student body of 33,000 and a faculty of 1,800. It was identified by AsiaWeek as one of the top 100 universities in Asia. However, since the 1990s, the university has suffered from intensely politicized, partisan, and violent campus politics promoted by Bangladesh's political parties.
Before Dhaka University was established, near its grounds were the former buildings of Dhaka College. In 1873 the college was relocated to Bahadur Shah Park. Later it shifted to Curzon Hall, which would become the first institute of the university.
The establishment of the university was a compensation of the annulment of the 1905 Partition of Bengal. The partition had established East Bengal and Assam as a separate province, with Dhaka as its capital. However, the partition was abolished in 1911 due to severe opposition from Indian National Congress and Bengali Hindus. To appease the people of East Bengal, Lord Curzon declared that a university as a center of excellence would be established in Dacca. Khwaja Salimullah, the Nawab of Dhaka, also played a pioneering role in establishing a university in Dhaka.
In 1913, public opinion was invited before the university scheme was given its final shape. The secretary of state approved it in December 1913. The first vice-chancellor of the university, Dr. Philip Joseph Hartog, formerly academic registrar of the University of London for 17 years was appointed.
Established in 1921 under the Dacca University Act 1920 of the Indian Legislative Council, it is modelled after British universities. Honorable Chancellor Lord Ronaldshay was the Governor of Bengal between 1917 and 1922. He designated Nawaab Syed Shamsul Huda as a life member. On his recommendation, Lord Ronaldshay designated Sir Ahmad Fazlur Rahman as a provost, earlier he was in Aligarh Muslim University. Academic activities started on 1 July in 1921 with 847 Students along with 3 Faculties: Arts, Science and Law; 12 Departments: Sanskrit and Bengali, English, Education, History, Arabic and Islamic Studies, Persian and Urdu, Philosophy, Economics and Politics, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Law; 3 Dormitories for students: Salimullah Muslim Hall, Dacca Hall and Jagannath Hall.
In 1936, the university awarded honorary doctorate degress to Jagadish Chandra Bose, Jadunath Sarkar, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Allama Iqbal and Rabindranath Tagore.
The university played a significant role in the Bengali Language Movement, when Bengalis joined together to fight against Urdu being the official language in East Pakistan. Dhaka University was the main place where the movement started with the students joining together and protesting against the Pakistan government. Later countless students were massacred in where the Shaheed Minar stands today. After the incident, Bengali was restored as official language.
The Dhaka University Order, 1973
President's Order No. 11 of 1973 re-constitute and re-organize the University of Dhaka to improve the teaching and research provided thereby and the administration after 1971 Independence war. Throughout this order the word Dhaka was substituted for the word Dacca by section 2 of the University Laws (Amendment) Act, 1987 (Act No. XXXVI of 1987).
There are 23 residence halls for the students and dormitories for the teachers as well as for the officials of the university.
The University Library, housed in three separate buildings, is the biggest in Bangladesh. The library holds a collection of more than 617,000 volumes, including bound volumes of periodicals. In addition, it has a collection of over 30,000 manuscripts in other languages and a large number of microfilms, microfiche and CDs. It subscribes to over 300 foreign journals.
The Dhaka University Library comprises three buildings: The administrative building, the main library building, and the science library building. The administrative building has the administrative offices, a book acquisition section, a book processing section, a reprographic section, a book binding section, a manuscript section, and a seminar section.
Besides the Faculty of Business Studies of the university has an E-Library which is the largest in the Asia of its kind. This advanced level E-Library is connected with 35 internationally renowned libraries and publication houses in the world. Teachers, students and researchers are able to read all journals, books research papers and articles of these leading libraries, including the Dhaka University, Oxford University and Cambridge University libraries, by using the E-Library facilities.
The Medical Center of the University of Dhaka, near the Science Annex Building, offers free medical service and free pathological examinations to students, teachers and staff and also family members of the teachers and staffs. The centre provides service round the clock, seven days a week, with 30 doctors working in shifts. The centre has a dental unit, eye unit, X-ray department and two ambulances.
There are cafeterias on campus, some of which hold historical and architectural interest. In 1971 Pakistani soldiers killed the owner of the Madhur Canteen.
The Teacher-Student Centre, University of Dhaka of the university has its own cafeteria while another cafeteria stands on the Dhaka University Snacks (DUS) chattar. The Faculty of Business Studies has a modern food court for its students.
The university has 84 departments under 13 faculties.
Faculty of Arts
- Department of Criminology
- Department of Arabic
- Department of Bengali
- Department of English
- Department of Persian Language and Literature
- Department of History
- Department of Philosophy
- Department of Islamic Studies
- Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies
- Department of Sanskrit
- Department of Urdu
- Department of Theater and Performance Studies
- Department of Linguistics
- Department of Music
- Department of Islamic History and Culture
- Department of World Religions and Culture
- Department of Information Science and Library Management
Faculty of Business Studies
- Department of Management Information Systems (MIS)
- Department of Accounting and Information Systems (AIS)
- Department of Banking and Insurance
- Department of Finance
- Department of International Business
- Department of Management
- Department of Marketing
- Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management
- Department of Organization Strategy and Leadership
Faculty of Biological Science
- Department of Botany
- Department of Soil, Water and Environment
- Department of Microbiology
- Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- Department of Fisheries
- Department of Genetic Engineering and Bio-technology
- Department of Psychology
- Department of Clinical Psychology
- Department of Zoology
- Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology
Faculty of Engineering and Technology
- Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
- Department of Robotics and Mechatronics Engineering
- Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
- Department of Computer Science and Engineering
- Department of Nuclear Engineering
Faculty of Education
Faculty of Fine Arts
- Department of Crafts
- Department of Drawing and Painting
- Department of Graphic Design
- Department of Printmaking
- Department of Oriental Art
- Department of Sculpture
- Department of History of Art
- Department of Ceramics
Faculty of Law
Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Postgraduates Medical Sciences & Research
- Department of Postgraduates Medical Sciences & Research
Faculty of Pharmacy
- Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
- Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology
- Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
- Department of Pharmacy
Faculty of Science
- Department of Applied Mathematics
- Department of Physics
- Department of Mathematics
- Department of Statistics
- Department of Biomedical Physics and Technology
- Department of Chemistry
Faculty of Social Sciences
- Department of Anthropology
- Department of Communication Disorders
- Department of Criminology
- Department of Development Studies
- Department of Economics
- Department of International Relations
- Department of Sociology
- Department of Mass Communication and Journalism
- Department of Population Sciences
- Department of Political Science
- Department of Public Administration
- Department of Peace and Conflict Studies
- Department of Women's and Gender Studies
- Department of Television and Film Studies
- Department of Printing and Publication Studies
Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences
- Department of Geology
- Department of Geography and Environment
- Department of Oceanography
- Department of Disaster Science and Management
- Department of Meteorology.
- Institute of Education and Research
- Institute of Statistical Research and Training
- Institute of Business Administration
- Institute of Social Welfare and Research
- Institute of Modern Languages
- Institute of Information Technology
- Institute of Renewable Energy
- Institute of Disaster Management and Vulnerability Studies
- Institute of Health Economics
- Institute of Leather Engineering & Technology
- National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation
List of colleges under University of Dhaka
Bureaus, research centers and scholarship programs
- Bureau of Economic Research
- Bureau of Business Research
- Bose Centre for Advanced Study and Research in Natural Sciences
- Centre for Advanced Studies and Research in Biological Sciences
- Dev Centre for Philosophical Studies
- Renewable Energy Research Centre
- Centre for Advanced Research in Humanities
- Centre for Advanced Research in Social Sciences
- Semiconductor Technology Research Centre
- Biotechnology Research Centre
- DU Cyber Centre
- Nazrul Research Centre
- Nazmul Karim Study Centre
- Disaster Research Training and Management Centre
- Dr. Sirajul Haque Islamic Research Centre
- Centre for Biomedical Research
- Bangladesh-Australia Centre for Environmental Research
- Delta Research Centre
- Centre for Advanced Research in Physical, Chemical, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences - The Centre of Excellence
- Centre for Advanced Research in Arts and Social Sciences - The Centre of Excellence
- Centre for Corporate Governance and Finance Studies
- Center for Microfinance and Development
- Japan Study Centre
- History Research Centre
- Centre for Development and Policy Research
- University and Industry Alliance
- Professor Dilip Kumar Bhattacharya Research Centre
- Organic Pollutants Research Centre
- Refugee and Migratory Movement Research Unit
- Center for Administrative Research and Innovation-CARI
- Dhaka University Earthquake Observatory
- Centre for Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue
- Dhaka University Arboriculture Section
- Centre for Genocide Studies
Trusts, foundations and scholarship programs
The university contains about 220 trusts and foundations offering scholarships and medals to meritorious students of the University. Besides, a large number of scholarships are offered by the university, Dhaka University Alumni Association and the government.
In 2011-12, the University of Dhaka made it into the list of 'Top World Universities' by QS World University Rankings. Out of over 30,000 universities around the world, DU was placed at 551. In 2014-15, the University of Dhaka was ranked 701 by QS World University Rankings (formerly Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings). In 2015-16, Times Higher Education partnering with Elsevier ranked the university at 654th position among top 800 globally reputed universities. In September 2015, QS World University Rankings published their 2015 edition of World University Rankings of 2015/16 and ranked DU at 126th position in Asia and 701-750 position in the world. In 2018 QS World University Rankings, University of Dhaka is ranked in #701-750 globally, and based on Graduate Employability, University of Dhaka is placed in #301-500 in the world. In Times Higher Education 2018 Global University Ranking, University of Dhaka is placed in 1001+ position among the world universities.
Asian level ranking
In 2016–17, the University of Dhaka was ranked 109 by QS Asian University Rankings in Asia.Times Higher Education ranked the University of Dhaka at 191-200 position in 2016 Asia University ranking. 
In the best Asian (and Australian) universities ranking, AsiaWeek ranked the University of Dhaka 37th in 1999 and 64th (overall and multi-disciplinary category) out of 77 ranked universities in 2000.
In 2000, the university got a comparatively higher rank in student selectivity (23rd) while got lower ranking in academic reputation (74th), faculty resources (59th), research (65th) and financial resources (74) categories.
According to the subject wise ranking by the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2015 - English Language & Literature Literature, only two South Asian universities, including University of Dhaka (ranking 250-300), were found in the rankings.
Sports and extracurricular activities
The university of Dhaka organizes sports and other extracurricular and recreational activities. Office of the director of physical education provides three types of programs:
- Compulsory Physical Education,
- Certificate course in coaching major games and sports, and
- Intramural and extramural programs.
University of Dhaka ground is the official stadium of the University of Dhaka. It hosts many inter-collegiate sports tournaments at inter-city and national levels.
Intramural and extramural program (games and sports)
Directorate organizes and conducts interdepartmental and inter-hall tournaments, individual hall athletics, Dhaka university athletics, and inter- university games and sports. Students participate in national championships in games and sports for which prior training and coaching are offered.
Dhaka University Research society (DURS)
Dhaka University Research Society (DURS) is one of the leading organizations in the University of Dhaka, which aims “to encourage all students to research and generate new ideas to have a better future for all.” This organization consists of all the students comprising the students of all faculties and institutions and colleges under Dhaka University and students from 1st year to PhD. The honorable teachers of the University of Dhaka are also engaged with this organization as ‘Advisor’ and ‘Research Consultant’. Besides, many corporate leaders are also engaged with this valuable organization as ‘Corporate Advisor’.
This organization starts its journey on 6th December, 2016 and it is working to expand the spirit of research to the young generation all over the country. The Slogan of this organization is “Research for a Better World”. For motivating students and young generations of the country this organization arranges seminar, workshop, research training, idea contest, symposium, research conference and many other programs which assist to expand and to encourage the knowledge of research. The members of this organization are also very committed and has national and international achievements and publications regarding research. This organization is the hope and inspiration for the other organization in Bangladesh.
Dhaka University Debating Society (DUDS)
Dhaka University Debating Society (DUDS) is the Central Debate Organization of the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Though the practice and debating activities at the university started as long as back in 1948 and flourished during the 1950 and the 1960s among a growing national sentiment. University of Dhaka's first organization started on 18 October 1982 and renamed as Dhaka University Debating Society (DUDS) in 1988. It is among the leading debating clubs of the country producing many renowned debaters and arranging successful national level debate programs throughout. Starting its journey on the first quarter of the last decade of the previous century when democracy just appeared in the country as the new form of government. Through this a long period, DUDS has been able to build a generation who can lead, who can speak and who can represent. Since 1991 Dhaka University Debating Society (DUDS) is the central debate platform in Dhaka University with a view to make the society thinking logically, to encourage the youth into the art of oratory. Its mission is not to deal with the professionals but to deal with the passionate ones. Until today DUDS has created a lot of debaters and still continuing to do so. During its journey, Dhaka University Debating Society (DUDS) has heartily tried to promote and initiate progressive cultural movement and democratic values through its activities and practices. DUDS works as a platform for developing leadership qualities. DUDS also believe that debate is essential for political progress and stable democracy what a crying need is today. Now, Dhaka University Debating Society (DUDS) has not only become the largest cultural organization in the campus but also the pioneer of the debate movement of the country.
Dhaka University Rover Scout Group
The Dhaka University Rover Scout Group established in the 1960s. Till now 21 rover scouts from this group have received the "President's Rover Scout Award" from the Honourable President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. In 2016, the group celebrated its golden jubilee with year-long programs and activities.
BNCC, DU Wing
After the establishment University of Dhaka in 1921, the BNCC Corps initiated its activities under the provisions of the Indian Territorial Forces Act, 1923. Captain E. Groom was the first Adjutant of the Corps. He imparted military training to 100 students and 16 teachers in November 1927. The University Training Corps was officially founded in June 1928. In 1943, the name of the Corps was changed to University Officers Training Corps (UOTC). The members of this Corps took part in the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971. After independence, Bangladesh Cadet Corps comprising college students and Junior Cadet Corps comprising junior students were formed in addition to the University Officers Training Corps. On 23 March 1979, University Officers Training Corps, Bangladesh Cadet Corps and Junior Cadet Corps were all merged by President Ziaur Rahman; he has united Bangladesh National Cadet Corps (BNCC).
DUTIMZ which is officially known as The Dhaka University Times, is an online portal of the University of Dhaka which was inaugurated on 26 February 2013.
Badhan is a voluntary blood donors' organization that mobilizes fresh blood donors in Bangladesh. It started its journey from the Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah Hall of the University of Dhaka in 1997. The organization came to light through a free blood group testing program at the Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah Hall premises of the university on 27 October of the same year.
Since then, Badhan has become a pioneer of voluntary blood donors with 34 wings in universities of the country. The zonal office of Badhan in the university is on the ground floor of Teacher-Student Centre. Other than donating blood, Badhan motivates the youths and the students to donate blood, tests the blood group of the students and the poor population for free, etc.
Dhaka University Cultural Society
The Dhaka University Cultural Society, from 2015, also known as DUCS is a university affiliated voluntary organization with the motto is 'Express to Explore'.
Dhaka University Model United Nations Association
Dhaka University Model United Nations Association, popular as DUMUNA is the only Model United Nations (MUN) club of the university and the first of its kind in Bangladesh. DUMUNA promotes the concept of Model United Nations in the university and practices it since 2011 after being established by one of the students of the university, Mr. Sheikh Mohd. Erfan Uddin on 13 January of same year with the motto, "United We Work, United We Achieve". The Chief Advisor of DUMUNA is Professor Dr. AAMS Arefin Siddique with Professor Dr. Delwar Hossain as the Moderator of the club.
DUMUNA is credited for organizing the most prestigious internationally recognized MUN conference of Bangladesh, Dhaka University National Model United Nations (DUNMUN). DUMUNA has been successfully organizing this conference since 2012. In addition, DUMUNA organizes workshops on MUN, mock MUN, and sends delegation to MUN conferences including Harvard National Model United Nations. DUMUNA, besides being a campus based voluntary organization, is recognized by United Nations Information Center, Dhaka.
Dhaka University Tourist Society
Dhaka University Tourist Society was formed on 30 October 1995 and has been being functional till date. The motto of DUTS is “To develop the tourism sector we need a social movement”.
DUTS focuses on the tourism development of the country and facilitates tours for the students of the university at comparatively lower cost. DUTS works to create awareness among the people of the country regarding tourism and promote tourism in every aspect. DUTS organizes programs like National Tourism Rally, Migratory Bird Fair, Indigenous Fair etc.
Dhaka University Information Technology Society
Dhaka University Information Technology Society (DUITS) was formed in September 2011 with a view to digitalizing the university campus and make the students of the university aware of the uses of information technology. DUITS has been working to enhance the knowledge of the students with the best utilization of the information technology.
DUITS aims to build ICT based campus through technology friendly environment for students. National Campus IT Festival, an event to encourage the innovations and creativity of the students from national arena, is one of the most significant initiatives DUITS has taken so far. DUITS is organizing the festival since 2012.
Dhaka University Film Society
Main article: Dhaka University Film Society
Dhaka University Film Society also known as DUFS is a voluntary students' organization of the University of Dhaka in Bangladesh.
It is one of the pioneers of film society movement in Bangladesh. DUFS's motto is 'Better Films, Better Viewers'. DUFS is an active member of the Bangladesh Federation of Film Societies (BFFS). DUFS is TSC based students' organization. Professor Dr. Mohammad Touhidul Anwar was the first club moderator. Present moderator of Dhaka University Film Society is AAMS Arefin Siddique; present vice chancellor of the university.
Dhaka University Photographic Society
Dhaka University Photographic Society (DUPS) was established on 29 August 1999 and is working till date relentlessly to encourage the students of the university to learn to art of photography to open the eyes of the society. DUPS not only facilitates the privileged and professionals, and motivates the passionate ones.
DUPS organizes photography courses for the students of the university. National Photography Festival is one of the flagship projects of DUPS while it is well known for arranging many local and international exhibitions and photography contests.
List of vice chancellors
- Sir. Philip Hartog 1 December 1920 – 31 December 1925
- George Harry Langley 1 January 1926 – 30 June 1934
- Sir. A. F. Rahman 1 July 1934 – 31 December 1936
- Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar 1 January 1937 – 30 June 1942
- Dr. Mahmud Hasan 1 July 1942 – 21 October 1948
- Dr. Sayed Moazzem Hossain 22 October 1948 – 8 November 1953
- Dr. Walter Allen Jenkins 9 November 1953 – 8 November 1956
- Justice Muhammad Ibrahim 9 November 1956 – 27 October 1958
- Justice Hamoodur Rahman 5 November 1958 – 14 December 1960
- Dr. Mahmud Hussain 15 December 1960 – 19 February 1963
- Dr. M Osman Ghani 20 February 1963 – 1 December 1969
- Justice Abu Sayeed Chowdhury 2 December 1969 – 20 January 1972
- Dr. Muzaffar Ahmed Chowdhury 21 January 1972 – 12 April 1973
- Dr. Abdul Matin Chowdhury 13 April 1973 – 22 September 1975
- Prof. Muhammad Shamsul Huq 23 September 1975 – 1 February 1976
- Dr. Fazlul Halim Chowdhury 2 February 1976 – 20 March 1983
- Dr. A. K. M. Siddiq 21 March 1983 – 16 August 1983
- Dr. Md. Shamsul Huq 17 August 1983 – 12 January 1986
- Prof. Abdul Mannan 12 January 1986 – 22 March 1990
- Prof. Mohammad Moniruzzaman Miah 24 March 1990 – 31 October 1992
- Prof. Dr. Emajuddin Ahamed 1 November 1992 – 31 August 1996
- Prof. Shahid Uddin Ahmad 31 August 1996 – 29 September 1996
- Prof. Dr. Abul Kalam Azad Chowdhury 30 September 1996 – 12 November 2001
- Prof. Dr. Anwarullah Chowdhury 12 November 2001 – 31 July 2002
- Prof. Dr. A F M Yusuf Haider 1 August 2002 – 23 September 2002
- Prof. Dr. Syed Mohammad Abul Faiz 23 September 2002 – 16 January 2009
- Prof. Dr. AAMS Arefin Siddique 17 January 2009 – 8 August 2017
- Prof. Dr. Mohammad Akhtaruzzaman, (acting) 8 August 2017 - Present
Notable alumni and faculty members
Main article: Alumni and Faculty Members of University of Dhaka
Coordinates: 23°43′53.57″N90°23′32.99″E / 23.7315472°N 90.3924972°E / 23.7315472; 90.3924972
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1904 image of Dhaka College, which was in existence from 1841 to 1921 before the founding of Dhaka University
In Bangladesh, the resurgence of Islam is not synonymous with Islamic militancy. Islamic militancy grew in frequency and intensity between the mid-1990s and the mid-2000s, but as a transitory phenomenon on the periphery of Bangladeshi life and society. It arose for two main reasons. First, it is the predictable outcome of the sustained misgovernance of the Bangladeshi state. It is predictable in a Muslim-majority country that some of the militant groups protesting this official corruption are Islamic. These rebel groups are socially marginal. Their actions are reactive, episodic and unlikely to be the co-ordinated operations of a broad movement. Second, global factors have provoked some militants to engage in terrorist activities, some of which are anti-West, albeit rhetorically. Majority-Muslim Bangladeshis do not support such activities but do share the militants’ perception that the major Western countries are anti-Islam, as evident in their apparent indifference, sustained over decades, to Muslim sufferings across the globe, in which they have been directly or indirectly complicit. By highlighting Bangladeshi political developments in an historical context, this paper shows that Bangladeshi-Muslim nationalism has emerged as an alternative to Bengali nationalism-secularism. Both these movements have long roots in the history of the region, and could therefore become the basis of a stable, two-party political system. A necessary, if not sufficient, precondition for such a development is that the two major political parties (the Awami League and the Bangladeshi Nationalist Party) cooperate in establishing a stable, competitive political culture on the basis of this natural divide in Bangladeshi society. Such a development would represent an historic advance away from the current political paradigm of wasting public resources on ideology-driven, authoritarian policy-making under democratic paraphernalia.
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